Standard 1: Students will understand patterns of change and continuity, relationships between people and events through time, and various interpretations of those relationships.


By the end of grade 6, the student will:
1.1 Use key concepts such as chronology, causality, and conflict to identify patterns of historical change.
1.2 Identify and use primary and secondary sources in historical research.
1.3 Understand how knowledge of the past and its trends can help explain current events.

Standard 2: Students will understand causes and effects of interaction among societies, including trade, systems of international exchange, war, and diplomacy.


By the end of grade 6, the student will:
2.1 Explain forces for change that result in increasing world interaction:
- Environment
- Geography/land
2.2 Explain how historical legacies have facilitated global understanding or caused misunderstanding.

Standard 3: Students will understand the concepts of geography and demography and how geography and demography influence and are influenced by human history.


By the end of grade 6, the student will:
3.1 Use appropriate data sources and geographic tools to generate, manipulate, and interpret information.
3.2 Know the relative location of, size of, and distances between places.
3.3 Describe social effects of environmental changes and crises resulting from natural phenomena.
3.9 Identify and explain how changes people make in the physical environment in one place can cause changes in other places.

Standard 4: Students will understand cultural and intellectual developments and interactions among and within societies.


By the end of grade 6, the student will:
4.1 Understand ways that social and environmental factors and culture are related.
4.6 Understand how taboos and publicly acceptable behavioral norms evolve.
4.7 Describe how different understandings of public and private behaviors evolve in their respective cultures.
4.10 Draw inferences from archaeological evidence.

Standard 5: Students will understand social systems and structures and how these influence individuals.


By the end of grade 6, the student will:
5.1 Explain how cultural attitudes, values, and beliefs influence personal behavior and the development of personal identity.

Standard 6: Students will understand why societies create and adopt systems of governance and how these systems address human needs, rights, and citizen responsibilities.


By the end of grade 6, the student will:
6.1 Explain and analyze strengths and weaknesses of various kinds of government systems in terms of the purposes they are designed to serve.
6.2 Explain how different types of government acquire, use, and justify power.
6.3 Describe major issues involving rights, responsibilities, roles, and status of the individual in relation to the general welfare.

Standard 7: Students will understand fundamental economic principles and ways in which economies are shaped by geographic and human factors.


By the end of grade 6, the student will:
7.1 Describe economic effects of environmental changes and crises resulting from natural phenomena.
7.3 Evaluate conventional and alternative uses of resources.

Standard 8: Students will understand how societies have influenced and been influenced by scientific developments and technological developments.


By the end of grade 6, the student will:
8.1 Understand that the prerequisites for the adoption of a particular technology are social need, social resources, and cultural attitude.